Commercial diving has a broad category depending on the types of work being done, pay range, equipment used and risks involved. People who have interest in dive jobs must understand that a certified commercial diver specializes not only in a single field work but he/she must be familiar with the variety of responsibilities. Here is an overview of each branches of commercial diving including a brief description of usual responsibilities:
Offshore Diving – most common among the branches of commercial diving where divers are deployed anywhere in the vastness of the ocean where there is an oil rig. Fresh certified graduates can find jobs in this particular branch even for entry level positions. Duties include underwater welding, pipeline repair and maintenance. Although the salary is high especially if a diver has sufficient experience, there are some downsides like long work hours (12+ hours) and seasonal contracts.
Onshore Diving – this branch is somewhat similar to normal day jobs where divers get to go home after a day’s work. Some of the responsibilities of onshore divers are vessel hull repairs, maintenance of rivers, lakes and bridges, salvage of vessels to avoid further damage to both the vessel and water. Salary is medium even for experienced divers.
Scientific Diving – for marine life lovers out there, this is a perfect hobby that provides medium range salary and enjoyable work. It focuses on scientific research such as marine biology, geology archaeology and study of marine wildlife habitat.
Military/Police – works for the government and their salary belongs to the medium bracket. Their duties and responsibilities are risky such as defusing underwater mines, search and rescue operations and criminal investigation.
Naval Diving – this is somewhat similar to offshore and onshore diving. Usual assignments are underwater welding, salvage and maintenance of naval ships. Naval divers are military personnel. The pay is low for this type of diving.
HAZMAT Diving – perhaps the most dangerous among the branches of professional diving because it involves diving into hazardous materials such as sewages, chemical tanks and radioactive elements during a plant meltdown. The salary range is high but this requires extensive training due to the risk associated with it.