Bustling Houston, one of the bright spots in the U.S. economy, is growing so fast that business leaders fear running out of skilled labor as billions are spent building new energy infrastructure on the Gulf Coast. The Greater Houston Partnership, the business chamber for the 10-county region, on Monday launched a training plan with companies, junior colleges, high schools and social service agencies to prepare people for thousands of new jobs being created for welders, pipefitters and plumbers.
“Houston has had this incredible growth rate but the lack of skilled workers could slow us down,” said Patrick Jankowski of the Greater Houston Partnership.
Of the top 20 metro areas, Houston’s pace of job growth in the 12-months through May was the second-fastest in the country at 3.3 percent, behind only Dallas at 3.7 percent, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Houston was the first major metro area to regain all the 153,000 jobs it lost in the Great Recession. Since January 2010, it has added 407,300 – more than double what it lost, Jankowski said.
The Houston economy grew 5.3 percent in 2012, trailing only San Francisco while outpacing the wider U.S. economy, according to the most recent data available from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Many of the jobs being added in metropolitan Houston, which includes the refinery belt around Galveston Bay and part of the Texas coast, are well-paying “middle-skill” positions at new plants designed to process surging output of oil and natural gas from the U.S. shale boom.
Tudor Pickering Holt, an investment bank, has tallied up $40 billion that companies from Dow Chemical to Exxon Mobil have said they will invest in Gulf Coast petrochemical projects over the next several years. The American Chemistry Council says $113 billion is planned nationwide for new manufacturing facilities in the next decade.
“Everybody is trying to do these expansions at the same time,” said John Poisson of the Accenture consultancy’s chemicals group. That means “acute near-term need when everybody wants to access the construction skills, the supply-chain skills, on the U.S. Gulf Coast.”
Despite those concerns, some companies say they would still choose the Gulf Coast over other markets because its workers have deep experience in the oil and gas industry.
“At peak construction we will have about 3,000 jobs on site and 200 full-time employees to operate the facility once it is complete,” said Farid Bogani, who leads Sempra’s liquefied natural gas export project in Louisiana, just across the Texas border.
“There is a wide skill and craft source of labor in this area because of all the offshore work, the pipelines and the chemical plants and refineries,” he said.